The Lieutenant Governor plays an important role in promoting awareness and action related to reconciliation with Indigenous people, fostering a sense of identity among the people of Ontario, and encouraging Ontarians to take part in voluntary service and activities aimed at building more just and sustainable communities.
The Lieutenant Governor respects Indigenous Peoples as the original inhabitants of Canada’s territory and honours the Crown’s foundational relationship with them.
In the aftermath of the final report of the Truth and Reconciliation Commission of Canada, the Lieutenant Governor has stressed the importance of becoming engaged in the reconciliation process. To this end, Her Honour meets regularly with representatives of Indigenous communities, ensures Indigenous representation at events wherever possible, and takes efforts to create opportunities for Indigenous and non-Indigenous people to come together in dialogue.
For thousands of years, Indigenous people lived in diverse and autonomous civilizations with unique cultures and ways of life. After European settlers began arriving in North America, what began as a relationship between strangers turned to one defined by domination, erasure, and abuse.
The Royal Proclamation of 1763 sought to ensure that settlers dealt fairly with Indigenous people and respected their rights to unceded land. Over time, governments ignored the protections that had been afforded, often justifying their actions in the name of progress.
After Confederation in 1867, encroachments of Indigenous rights continued, most notably under the Indian Act, the reserve system, and residential schools. Centuries of colonialism and cultural assimilation continue to affect Indigenous people. Too many do not have a meaningful chance at success, have their stories excluded from the national narrative, and struggle with attaining the basic necessities of life.
Today, Canada is widely lauded for its commitment to multiculturalism, pluralism, and inclusion. It is a liberal democracy with strong traditions of governance and a thriving economy. Many around the world look to Canada as a role model and as a place where anyone who works hard enough can have a chance to be successful.
Reconciliation challenges us to reconcile these two competing truths about Canada.
Questions posed by reconciliation include:
The Lieutenant Governor plays an important key role in promoting a uniquely Ontarian identity by supporting and promoting diversity, inclusion, culture, and heritage. Through an extensive program of engagements across Ontario, the Lieutenant Governor encourages Ontarians to work together to build more just and sustainable communities in which all have meaningful opportunities to contribute to society and to each other.
The Lieutenant Governor regularly promotes active citizenship, often by meeting with volunteers and those engaged in public service throughout the province. Making use of her unique ability to convene people from all walks of life, the Lieutenant Governor encourages information sharing and partnerships in pursuit of social and technological innovation benefitting the public good.
The Lieutenant Governor plays a key role in supporting organizations making outstanding contributions to civil society. To this end, the Lieutenant Governor from time to time grants her viceregal patronage to community, charitable, military, and cultural associations, as well as public service organizations, lending them support and recognition.
The Lieutenant Governor acts as a focus for unity and pride. The Lieutenant Governor represents all Ontarians when interacting with important visitors from outside Ontario and abroad.
The Lieutenant Governor conducts engagements in municipalities across Ontario. By visiting Ontarians in their own communities, the Lieutenant Governor is able to get a better sense of the varied aspirations and concerns of residents, while at the same time learning about local initiatives in which they take pride.
In addition, the Lieutenant Governor periodically conducts "official visits" to municipalities. Official visits involve courtesy calls with mayors and local representatives, and have frequently included roundtables with residents, members of civil society, and community groups on topics having to do with economic, environmental, and social sustainability. Official visits may entail a civic reception and take place in conjunction with significant local events.
From time to time, the Lieutenant Governor may conduct working visits abroad with the aim of strengthening ties between Ontario and the receiving jurisdiction.
In recent years, Lieutenant Governors have conducted working visits to the United Kingdom, the United States, Mexico, and Jamaica.
The Lieutenant Governor greets The King and receives members of the Royal Family on royal tours and during their stays in Ontario.
The Lieutenant Governor also welcomes world leaders and representatives of international institutions, acting as Ontario’s official host and providing opportunities to learn about and appreciate Canadians and Ontarians. The Lieutenant Governor customarily receives visiting High Commissioners and Ambassadors as well as newly arrived consuls general posted to Toronto.
The Lieutenant Governor plays a pre-eminent role in the many diverse celebrations and commemorations taking place throughout the year in Ontario. By doing so, the Lieutenant Governor acts as a focus for unity and pride, and serves as a public leader during times good and bad.
The Lieutenant Governor regularly promotes volunteer and public service in communities across Ontario, and maintains strong links with those who serve their neighbours, such as members of the Canadian Forces and civilian police, fire, and medical services.
Since 2011, the Lieutenant Governor of Ontario has served ex officio as Colonel of the Regiment of The Queen’s York Rangers (1st American Regiment), a Primary Reserve unit in the Canadian Army. This honorary appointment recognizes the regiment’s link to Col. John Graves Simcoe, first Lieutenant Governor of Upper Canada (now Ontario), who commanded the regiment during the American War of Independence.
The Lieutenant Governor represents Ontarians at funerals and memorial services honouring fallen members of the military, first responders, and prominent civil servants and public figures. The Lieutenant Governor attends annual commemorative services on Remembrance Day as well as memorials to police officers and firefighters in Ontario.
As the Crown’s representative, the Lieutenant Governor recognizes Ontarians through the honours system. Honours and awards strengthen the fabric of Ontario’s communities and shape the aspirations of Ontarians, and are a way to formally and publicly acknowledge the excellence, achievements, and contributions of role models from all walks of life.
During presentation ceremonies throughout the year, the Lieutenant Governor takes great pride recognizing people who have made a difference to their communities.
The Lieutenant Governor may present national honours, including the Order of Canada, bravery decorations, the Sovereign’s Medal for Volunteers, and commemorative medals, on behalf of the Governor General.
Visit the Governor General’s website to learn more about the Canadian honours system or to nominate someone for a national honour.
The Government of Ontario has established several official honours and awards, which are conferred by the Lieutenant Governor on the Government’s formal advice. In all cases, members of the public submit nominations to an honours advisory council, which provides the Government with recommendations.
Learn more about honours and awards in Ontario, including how to nominate someone.
The Order of Ontario is the province’s highest official honour. It recognizes any current or former long-time resident of Ontario who has demonstrated a high level of individual excellence and achievement in any field benefitting the people of the province or elsewhere. The Lieutenant Governor becomes a Member of the Order of Ontario upon taking office and serves as the order’s Chancellor while in office, presiding at the order’s annual investiture.
The Lieutenant Governor presides at the annual presentation ceremonies of the following Ontario medals:
The Lieutenant Governor presides at the annual presentation ceremonies of the following awards:
A number of independent organizations have created awards in partnership with successive Lieutenant Governors to recognize achievements in specific fields of endeavour.
Lieutenant Governor’s Awards that are currently presented include:
Established in 2000 by the Hon. Hilary M. Weston to encourage youth volunteerism, the Lieutenant Governor’s Community Volunteer Award for Students pays tribute to students who not only complete the required number of volunteer hours to graduate, but who go above and beyond. Each year, an award is given to one graduating student at each of Ontario’s secondary schools. Each student receives a personalized certificate and an award pin. This award is administered by the Ontario Ministry of Heritage, Sport, Tourism and Culture Industries.
Established in 2015, the Lieutenant Governor’s Award for Design Excellence in Architecture is now presented biennially to recognize completed projects constructed in Ontario within the preceding six years. The award winner is selected from among the finalists of the Ontario Association of Architects Design Excellence Awards, and is considered by an expert jury to have shown excellence in creativity, context, sustainability, good business, and legacy. The award is administered by the Ontario Association of Architects.
Aimed at promoting Ontario viticulture and winemaking, the Lieutenant Governor’s Award for Excellence in Ontario Wines was established in 2011. This awards program recognizes VQA Ontario wines (made from 100% Ontario-grown and processed grapes).
Since 2016, the Lieutenant Governor’s Award is part of the annual Ontario Wine Awards as a “top-tier” award, with the highest-scoring wines in each year’s varietal categories competing against each other. Between eight to 12 wines are selected for their overall excellence.
The awards are administered by the Ontario Wine Awards with the support of the Grape Growers of Ontario, the Winery and Grower Alliance of Ontario, and the Wine Marketing Association of Ontario. Drawing upon its expertise, the Ontario Wine Awards selects the judging panel, which includes student judges from Canadian Food and Wine Institute at Niagara College.
In partnership with the Ontario Heritage Trust, the Hon. James Bartleman established these awards in 2007 to recognize outstanding volunteer contributions to the preservation of Ontario’s heritage. The Lieutenant Governor’s Ontario Heritage Award for Lifetime Achievement, awarded through a special category in the Trust’s Heritage Community Recognition Program, recognizes individuals who have made sustained volunteer contributions to preserving, protecting, and promoting community heritage over a period of 25 years or more. The Lieutenant Governor’s Ontario Heritage Award for Youth Achievement, awarded through the Trust’s annual Young Heritage Leaders program, recognizes the most exceptional youth group in each of the built, cultural and natural heritage nomination categories, and the most outstanding individual nominee across all categories.
The Economic Developers Council of Ontario recognizes achievements in municipal economic development marketing by presenting awards in the categories of business development, tourism, and product development. In 2006, the annual Lieutenant Governor’s Award for Marketing Excellence in Ontario was introduced to honour the single most outstanding achievement made by an award recipient in these categories.
The Royal Agricultural Winter Fair introduced this Cup in 1953 with the approval of then Lieutenant Governor the Hon. Louis Orville Breithaupt. The Lieutenant Governor’s Cup is presented annually to a three-year-old Canadian-bred horse capable of becoming a “sport horse”, that is, a horse excelling in the hunter, jumper, dressage, or eventing disciplines. This competition showcases Canadian sport horse breeding, a field in which Canada has since emerged as a major player.
Approved by Queen Elizabeth II as part of the national honours system in 1999, the Vice-Regal Commendation is presented by the Governor General and the Lieutenant Governors for long-term or outstanding service to the office of The Crown’s representative.
The recipients have either served on staff (paid or volunteer) during an incumbent’s mandate in a commendable fashion, or the recipient has performed one or more outstanding acts as a member of the incumbent’s staff (paid or volunteer) that has benefited the office of The Crown’s representative or territorial commissioner.
The Lieutenant Governor plays a key role in supporting outstanding contributions to civil society. To this end, the Lieutenant Governor from time to time grants viceregal patronage to organizations and initiatives, lending them vital support and recognition.
The principles against which applications for viceregal patronage will be assessed include the following:
Grants of patronage are at the discretion of the Lieutenant Governor and expire at the end of each Lieutenant Governor’s mandate, and organizations and initiatives must re-apply upon the appointment of a successor. Patronage does not guarantee the Lieutenant Governor’s participation in events being held by host organizations or initiatives.